Electronic information industry writes Huazhang
In the past 70 years, China's industrial communications industry has made brilliant achievements. From a poor and white to a world's largest manufacturing country and a world network country with a complete industrial system, the industrial added value has increased from 12 billion yuan in 1952 to more than 30 trillion in 2018. Yuan, an average annual increase of 11%. Achieving a huge breakthrough in the main fields: "嫦娥" to the moon, "Tiangong" and "Shenzhou" manned flight, the domestic aircraft carrier officially launched, the large passenger plane successfully flew, the world's first quantum satellite successfully launched, the Yangtze River Three Gorges ship lift refreshed the world Record, the proportion of fiber-optic broadband users is the world's first, 4G commercial network has the widest global coverage, 5G network is fully open...
The electronic information industry is an important guarantee for the construction of a strong country and a network powerhouse. General Secretary Xi Jinping repeatedly emphasized the importance of information technology. He pointed out that network information technology is the world's most concentrated research and development investment, the most active innovation, the most widely used, and the largest technological innovation field. It is the competitive high ground of global technological innovation. In the current era, a new round of scientific and technological revolution with information technology as the core is gestating. The Internet has increasingly become the leading force for innovation-driven development, profoundly changing people's production and life, and vigorously promoting social development.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the innovation achievements in China's electronic information industry have emerged continuously. The “Shenwei·Taihu Light”, which is made of domestic CPU, has become the world's first supercomputer with a computing speed of more than 10 billion times/second. The occupancy rate has exceeded 20%, and the number of domestic smart TV SoC chips has reached 8 million. The new generation of information technology such as big data, cloud computing and artificial intelligence has flourished... With the continuous improvement of the industrial system, the control ability of the industry chain has been significantly improved.
Multiple scale indicators stand out from the world
Nowadays, people have realized many applications such as voice and video calls, Internet access, mobile payment, subway bus card swiping, etc. After eating, the family is happy to sit on the sofa and watch HD video content through the ultra-thin TV hanging on the wall. Fresh things, smart refrigerators, washing machines, air conditioners and other home appliances of various sizes are emerging one after another, which has greatly improved the people's living standards...
Consumer electronic products are the carrier of electronic information technology in personal and family applications. They are the most direct interface for human perception of information technology. They have become an important engine of the information industry and an important component and foundation for the strategic goals of China's manufacturing powerhouses and network powerhouses. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the scale of China's consumer electronics and home appliances has grown steadily, and various fields have begun to dominate the world.
In 2012, China's home appliance industry's main business income reached 1.1 trillion yuan, ranking first in the world in terms of production scale. China has become a major manufacturing country and a major trading country for home appliances.
In 2016, China’s first “Shenwei·Taihu Light”, which was built with domestic processors, won the super-calculation champion.
In 2017, China's TFT-LCD panel shipment area and shipment amount both ranked first in the world, accounting for 36% of the global total.
In 2018, China's computer industry realized a main business income of 1.95 trillion yuan. China has become the world's largest computer manufacturing base, and China's computer industry is currently ranked first in the world.
In 2018, the output of China's TV sets reached 160 million units, ranking first in the world for many years, with exports exceeding 90 million units (including 125 million pieces of SKD parts), becoming the country's pillar industry and export earning industry.
According to data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, in 2018, the output of mobile phones, computers and color TVs in China reached 1.8 billion, 310 million and 190 million, respectively, accounting for 70% to 90% of the global total.
Mobile phones are the stars in the current consumer electronics field. CCID Consulting data shows that in 1999, domestic mobile phone shipments were 1.13 million units; by 2018, the total shipments of domestic mobile phones had reached 800 million units; in 1999, domestically produced The domestic market share of mobile phones is less than 5%, and by 2018 it is close to 90%. Domestic brands are basically in control of the Chinese mobile phone market. China already has the world's largest mobile phone design and processing industry chain, producing 80% of the global mobile phone.
Core technology continues to break through
The key core technology is the heavy weapon of the country, and the continuous breakthrough of core technology provides a powerful guarantee for China's high-quality development of the information industry.
Recently, Ziguang Group's Yangtze River Storage Technology Co., Ltd. sent a good news, the company began mass production of 64-layer 256Gb TLC 3D NAND flash memory based on Xtacking architecture. This is the first time that China has realized the mass production of 64-layer 3D NAND flash memory chips, which will greatly narrow the technological gap between China and the world's first-tier storage vendors.
Looking back at the development process of the past, as early as 1965, China successfully developed the first silicon-based digital integrated circuit, only seven years away from the United States, and kept pace with the international community. At that time, China's integrated circuits were not lagging behind in research and development capabilities and levels. With the opening of the reform and opening up countries, China's integrated circuit industry has begun to fully start. Especially since the beginning of the 21st century, China's IC industry has ushered in a new wave of development. The level of China's integrated circuit development is gradually approaching the international advanced level. In 2018, the industry's sales amounted to 653.2 billion yuan, and the technical level continued to increase. At present, China's chip design level has increased by more than three generations. The Haisi Kirin 980 mobile phone chip adopts the most advanced 7-nanometer process in the world; the 16/14-nanometer process enters the customer risk and mass production stage; the 64-layer 3D NAND flash memory chip enters mass production; advanced packaging The test scale accounted for about 30% of the packaging and testing industry; breakthroughs were made in key materials such as high-end equipment and targets such as etching machines.
Similarly, in the field of core component technology, China is also making breakthroughs. China's new display industry has achieved leap-forward development. From the beginning of the development, the display panel basically relied on the import of "the pain of lack of screen", and now it has become an important force in the world display industry, and has undergone a transformation. In December 2017, BOE Hefei's 10th and 5th generation lines were put into production, which is the world's first 10.5 generation line.
Information technology empowers industrial high quality development
China's industry continues to grow and benefit from the deepening of the integration of the two industries. Information technology, through the empowerment of the industrial economy, is driving the industry towards high-quality development.
“The production line has saved 600 people, the manufacturing energy consumption has dropped by 40%, the production efficiency has increased by 80%, and the product qualification rate has increased by 20%...” Lin Xiaofa, the chairman of Jiumu Kitchen & Bath Co., Ltd., is in the Jiumu intelligent manufacturing workshop. Said to the China Electronics News reporter.
The experience of Jiu Mu is only a microcosm of the intelligent manufacturing of Chinese enterprises. The reporter learned that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the deep integration of industrialization and informatization in China has been further accelerated, and the development of intelligent manufacturing has achieved positive results. The level of digitalization, networking and intelligence of the manufacturing industry is constantly improving. As of June 2019, the penetration rate of digital R&D design tools reached 69.3%. At the same time, the new model of “Internet + Manufacturing” has emerged. The proportion of enterprises engaged in networked collaboration, service-oriented manufacturing, and large-scale personalized customization reached 35.3%, 25.3%, and 8.1%, respectively.
At the same time, the development of the industrial Internet has also taken a solid step. There are more than 50 industrial Internet platforms with certain industry and regional influence in China, and the average number of connected devices on the key platforms has reached 590,000. The Industrial Internet has already Widely used in petroleum, petrochemical, steel, home appliances, clothing, machinery, energy and other industries.
"Internet +" makes people's lives better
With the in-depth development of "Internet +", the lives of ordinary people have been greatly improved, and the people enjoy the huge dividend brought by information consumption.
Information consumption continues to unlock the potential of residents' needs. With the improvement of mobile communication technology and 4G network coverage, mobile applications such as travel and catering take-out have accelerated the popularity, driving the rapid growth of mobile Internet access traffic consumption. In 2018, mobile Internet access traffic consumption reached 71.1 billion GB, which was 56.1 times that of 2013, with an average annual growth rate of 123.8% in five years. By the end of 2018, the number of online shopping users in China reached 610 million, accounting for 73.6% of the total netizens.
According to the data of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the scale of information consumption in China was about 2.2 trillion yuan in 2013. By 2018, the scale and quality of information consumption in China have increased simultaneously. In 2018, the scale of information consumption in China was about 5 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of more than 11%. Double the GDP growth rate, accounting for more than 10% of final consumption. In the future, China's information consumption will continue its rapid growth, contributing to the continued expansion of domestic demand and the promotion of the economy to a high level of development.